45x Ab-conjugated beads (S5P7 - human RANTES Ab-bead). PN: A112245TA. One vial containing 35 µL of anti-human RANTES conjugated to AimPlex Bead S5P7.
25x Biotin-detection Ab (human RANTES Biotin-dAb). PN: A112245TB. One vial containing 35 µL of biotinylated anti-human RANTES.
Lyophilized Standard Mix-Human Group 1 Panel B. PN: HG10011. One vial containing lyophilized recombinant Eotaxin, IL-1β, IL-1RA, IL-8, IL-12p70, IL-22, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-3, and RANTES. Note: If multiple analyte kits on the above target list are ordered as a panel, only one vial of standard mix is supplied for those analyte kits.
STORAGE: 2-8 C in the dark.
IMPORTANT: Sodium azide forms explosive compounds with heavy metals. These products contain <0.05% (w/w) azide which with repeated contact with lead and copper commonly found in plumbing drains may result in the buildup of shock sensitive compounds. Dispose in accordance with regulations from your institute.
APPLICATION: Optimal antibody pair and antigen standard for assaying human RANTES. Can be multiplexed with other analytes in Human Group 1. To be used in conjunction with the AimPlex NR Basic Kit (PN: P100001T) and a diluent kit. Refer to the AimPlex Multiplex Immunoassay User Manual and kit inserts for the assay procedure.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
Sample types: Cell culture supernatant, serum, plasma, bodily fluid and tissue/cell lysate
Sensitivity (LOD): < 5 pg/mL
LLOQ: <10 pg/mL
ULOQ: > 5,000 pg/mL
Standard dose recovery: 70-130%
Intra-assay CV: < 10%
Inter-assay CV: < 20%
Cross-reactivity of analytes in Human Group 1: Negligible
Sample volume: 15 µL/test
Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL5) is also known as small inducible cytokine A5 (SCYA5) and regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES). CCL5 is chemotactic (chemokine) for T cells, eosinophils, and basophils, and plays an active role in recruiting leukocytes into inflammatory sites. With the help of particular cytokines (i.e., IL-2 and IFN-γ) that are released by T cells, CCL5 also induces the proliferation and activation of certain natural-killer (NK) cells to form CHAK (CC-Chemokine-activated killer) cells. It is also an HIV-suppressive factor released from CD8+ T cells. This chemokine has been localized to chromosome 17 in humans. RANTES was first identified in a search for genes expressed "late" (3–5 days) after T cell activation. It was subsequently determined to be a CC chemokine and expressed in more than 100 human diseases. RANTES expression is regulated in T lymphocytes by Kruppel like factor 13 (KLF13). RANTES, along with the related chemokines MIP-1alpha and MIP-1beta, has been identified as a natural HIV-suppressive factor secreted by activated CD8+ T cells and other immune cells. Recently, the RANTES protein has been engineered for in vivo production by Lactobacillus bacteria, and this solution is being developed into a possible HIV entry-inhibiting topical microbicide. Diseases associated with CCL5 include ulcer of lower limbs and African Tick-bite Fever.
1. Donlon TA, Krensky AM, Wallace MR, Collins FS, Lovett M, Clayberger C (March 1990). "Localization of a human T-cell-specific gene, RANTES (D17S136E), to chromosome 17q11.2-q12". Genomics 6 (3): 548–53. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(90)90485-D. PMID 1691736.
2. Maghazachi AA, Al-Aoukaty A, Schall TJ (February 1996). "CC chemokines induce the generation of killer cells from CD56+ cells". Eur. J. Immunol. 26 (2): 315–9. doi:10.1002/eji.1830260207. PMID 8617297.
3. Schall TJ, Jongstra J, Dyer BJ, Jorgensen J, Clayberger C, Davis MM, Krensky AM (August 1988). "A human T cell-specific molecule is a member of a new gene family". J. Immunol. 141 (3): 1018–25. PMID 2456327.
4. Alan M. Krensky (1995). Biology of the Chemokine in Rantes (Molecular Biology Intelligence Unit). R G Landes Co. ISBN 1-57059-253-5.