96 Tests PN: A111158
32 Tests PN: A111158T
45x Ab-conjugated beads (S4P4 - human IL-21 Ab-bead).
96 Tests PN: A111158A. One vial containing 100 µL of anti-human IL-21 conjugated to AimPlex Bead S4P4.
32 Tests PN: A111158TA. One vial containing 35 µL of anti-human IL-21 conjugated to AimPlex Bead S4P4.
25x Biotin-detection Ab (human IL-21 Biotin-dAb).
96 Tests PN: A111158B. One vial containing 100 µL of biotinylated anti-human IL-21.
32 Tests PN: A111158TB. One vial containing 35 µL of biotinylated anti-human IL-21.
Lyophilized Standard Mix-Human Group 2 Panel B, 10-Plex.
96 & 32 Tests PN: HG20010. One vial containing lyophilized recombinant human IL-17F, IL-20, IL-21, IL-28A, IL-29, IL-33, M-CSF, MPO, TSLP, and VEGF-A. Note: If multiple analyte kits on the above target list are ordered as a panel, only one vial of standard mix is supplied for those analyte kits.
Application: Optimal antibody pair and antigen standard for assaying human IL-21. Can be multiplexed with other analytes in Human Group 2. To be used in conjunction with the AimPlex NR Basic Kit (96 Tests PN: P100001, 32 Tests PN: P100001T) and a diluent kit. Refer to the AimPlex Multiplex Immunoassay User Manual and kit inserts for the assay procedure.
Storage: 2-8 C in the dark.
Important: Sodium azide forms explosive compounds with heavy metals. These products contain <0.05% (w/w) azide which with repeated contact with lead and copper commonly found in plumbing drains may result in the buildup of shock sensitive compounds. Dispose in accordance with regulations from your institute.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
Sample types: Cell culture supernatant, serum, plasma, bodily fluid and tissue/cell lysate
Sensitivity (LOD): < 5 pg/mL
LLOQ: < 10 pg/mL
ULOQ: > 5,000 pg/mL
Standard dose recovery: 70-130%
Intra-assay CV: < 10%
Inter-assay CV: < 20%
Cross-reactivity of analytes in Human Group 2: Negligible
Sample volume: 15 µL/test
Interleukin-21 (IL-21) is a cytokine that has potent regulatory effects on cells of the immune system, including natural killer (NK) cells and cytotoxic T cells that can destroy virally infected or cancerous cells. IL-21 induces cell division/proliferation in its target cells. IL-21 is also produced by Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) cancer cells (which is surprising because IL-21 was thought to be produced only in T cells). This observation may explain a great deal of the behavior of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma including clusters of other immune cells gathered around HL cells in cultures. Targeting IL-21 may be a potential treatment or possibly a test for HL.
Parrish-Novak J, Dillon SR, Nelson A, Hammond A, Sprecher C, Gross JA, Johnston J, Madden K, Xu W, West J, Schrader S, Burkhead S, Heipel M, Brandt C, Kuijper JL, Kramer J, Conklin D, Presnell SR, Berry J, Shiota F, Bort S, Hambly K, Mudri S, Clegg C, Moore M, Grant FJ, Lofton-Day C, Gilbert T, Rayond F, Ching A, Yao L, Smith D, Webster P, Whitmore T, Maurer M, Kaushansky K, Holly RD, Foster D (2000). "Interleukin 21 and its receptor are involved in NK cell expansion and regulation of lymphocyte function". Nature 408 (6808): 57–63. doi:10.1038/35040504. PMID 11081504.
Kuchen S, Robbins R, Sims GP, Sheng C, Phillips TM, Lipsky PE, Ettinger R (2007). "Essential role of IL-21 in B cell activation, expansion, and plasma cell generation during CD4+ T cell-B cell collaboration". J. Immunol. 179 (9): 5886–96. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.179.9.5886. PMID 17947662.
Lamprecht B, Kreher S, Anagnostopoulos I, Jöhrens K, Monteleone G, Jundt F, Stein H, Janz M, Dörken B, Mathas S (2008). "Aberrant expression of the Th2 cytokine IL-21 in Hodgkin lymphoma cells regulates STAT3 signaling and attracts Treg cells via regulation of MIP-3alpha". Blood 112 (8): 3339–3347.